The safety distance is the space that must be left with the vehicle in front to avoid colliding with it, in case of abrupt braking, taking into account the speed, adhesion, and braking capacity. In previous years, there were 5,713 infractions related to not maintaining the intercity safety distance, these being 27% only matched for speeding violations. In urban roads, they represent 5,013 infractions, representing 20% infractions, only surpassed by no priority of passage. And beware, because not maintaining the safety distance results in 19% of accidents involving victims in interurban roads, only exceeded by distractions (27%) and the same as inappropriate speed (19%). Maintaining safety distance is essential so that you can spot speed bumps and cable ramps on the road.
Factors That Affects Safety Distance
The safety distance that we must keep with the vehicle in front varies according to a series of circumstances:
Velocity: the higher the speed, the greater the distance to stay with the car in front.
Lack of adhesion: wet road, ice or snow, leaves, and sand increase the braking distance, and therefore, the safety distance must be increased.
Stay or psychophysical of the driver: fatigue, drowsiness, and alcohol increase reaction time.
Vehicle condition: tires, brakes, or suspension are determinants in the safety distance because the braking distance increases.
Recently, proximity radars, which are radars that allow control if the drivers respect the safety distance concerning the vehicle in front, the situation being photographed, and the driver fined. These radars can distinguish the state of the road, so if there is dense traffic, and this distance is not maintained, the radar will detect it and not sanction it.
In some developed countries, failure to maintain a safe distance is considered a severe infraction, following the Law on traffic, motor vehicle traffic, and road safety. It entails a fine of € 200 and 4 points.